Despite pandemic, India’s Agriculture and Allied products exports have jumped to USD 41.25 billion during 2020-21 registering an increase of 17.34%. According to Dr Anup Wadhawan, Secretary, Department of Commerce, the balance of Agriculture trade has improved by 42.16% to USD 20.58 billion from USD 14.51 billion.
The country has taken advantage of the increased demand for staples and a huge growth has been seen in export of cereals. The export of non-basmati rice is growing by 136.04% while the export of wheat has grown to USD 549.16 million from 774.17% earlier. The export of maize, millets and other coarse gains has also increased by 238.28% which values USD 694.14 million.
Among the other agricultural products which registered increase in exports in 2020-21 in comparison to 2019-20 included sugar, oil meals, raw cotton, vegetable oils and fresh vegetables. Largest markets for India’s agriculture products are USA, Bangladesh, China, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Iran, Nepal and Malaysia, among others. Export of spices from India has also increased significantly.
This year the exports have started for the first time from many clusters for example the export of mangoes and vegetables has started from Varanasi while export of black rice has started from Chandauli. Similarly, export of oranges from Nagpur, Mango from Lucknow and Banana from Ananthpur and Theni directly started benefitting the farmers immensely.
Even the exports of fresh horticulture produces have taken place through sea and air to London and Dubai and various other destinations from these areas despite the pandemic. In all these efforts, the departments for market linkages, FPOs and post-harvest value chain development have been instrumental in enabling even the farmers from North East to export their products beyond the Indian borders. The country has been able to export cereals to several countries for the first time during 2020-21 and these countries included Indonesia, Yemen, Sudan, Bolivia and Sudan, among others.